Understanding the differences in care levels is the first step in determining the right treatment facility and treatment plan. For many, a comprehensive treatment plan begins with a medically supervised detoxification, followed by residential treatment, a partial hospitalization program, an intensive outpatient program, and finally, outpatient counseling/therapy.
Drug Detox and Alcohol Detox
The starting point for many people’s recovery is detox. It is a supervised environment in a residential facility where an individual is monitored while stopping drug and alcohol use. During detox, there is access to 24-hour clinical care and therapy, performed mainly on a one-on-one basis with an addiction therapist.
Detox will focus on the body’s well-being by monitoring reactions to the absence of drugs. Within this structured environment, medical professionals and therapists oversee treatment, paying particular attention to any acute withdrawal symptoms. Massage, acupuncture, and medication may be included, depending on a person’s needs, treatment plan, and what substance they have been using.
Everyone experiences withdrawal symptoms differently. Withdrawal may be extremely uncomfortable and can be life-threatening without proper medical attention. By ensuring a safe environment and providing comfort and accountability, the inpatient detox setting offers a person the best chance to succeed in their recovery.
Detox is often followed by inpatient rehab. Once someone has safely detoxed and made it through the worst of the withdrawal symptoms, they can be transitioned to a residential care level. Residential programs offer a continuation of the therapy that begins in detox, including one on one therapy, group therapy, activities, and support groups such as AA or NA.
By creating separation from the pressures of home life, work, and friends or family, residential care is an opportunity to focus entirely on building a recovery foundation. Providing a stable environment in which one can thrive in their recovery journey is a primary inpatient rehab goal.
Following inpatient treatment, outpatient treatment is next in the continuum of care. Partial Hospitalization Programs (PHP) offer multiple group therapy sessions per day, led by therapists and caseworkers who specialize in addiction. During this time, people will continue their one-on-one sessions with a therapist. Due to the number of groups and sessions, many programs will offer housing for clients. Behavioral health technicians supervise clients and assist them with tasks like grocery shopping and getting a haircut.
Intensive Outpatient Programs (IOP) are a continuation of the groups and therapy at the PHP level of care. People live at home or in a halfway house (sober living) and return to work or school at this point in recovery. One’s time will be split between treatment and home life. IOP is an excellent transition to re-engage in life activities while continuing to focus on healing with the support of addiction professionals.